7 years of fundamental  

research in a world-  

leading university.

Science publication covering continous operation in flow-cell system

This publication is the first ever to prove that the hydrgoen in the synthesized ammonia stems from hydrogen oxidized at the anode. Furthermore, we have found a stable anode catalyst (patent pending), and can run the reaction continously in a flow-based reactor.
This report shows the highest achieved energy efficiency published on the lihtium-mediated system to date.

Publication in Nature covering a rigorous protocol on nitrogen reduction.

A high level of rigor needs to be applied in order to successfully produce and measure ammonia. The only conclusive way to prove a successful result is via quantitative isotope labelled experiements using proper gas cleaning procedures.
Herein we screened most of the literature, and found the only reproduceable way to synthesize ammonia: the lithium-mediated nitrogen reduction process.

Science publication showing that O2 improves the system

This discovery is very counter-intuitive, as instead of passivating the metallic lithium, the addition of a tiny bit of oxygen actually enhances the efficiency of the system.

This patent pending addition is ground-breaking for decentralized systems, as it significantly reduces the cost of purifying air, making the systems more cost and energy efficient.

Publication in E&ES of a novel cycling method which enables long-term stability

This novel cycling method, wherein a pulse at high current density is applied to reduce lithium (deposition), followed by a pulse with no current applied (resting), is shown to stabilize the system.

This patent pending method holds the world record for longest continous measurement of the lithium-mediated ammonia synthesis field to date, spanning 5 days with no change in formation rate of the ammonia.

Joule publication achieving a record breaking 1,000 mA/cm2

The deposition of high surface area porous copper on the working electrode leads to significant increase in the current density, breaking even the DoE target for ammonia synthesis.

This discovery is incredibly important, as high current densities (>300 mA/cm2) are neccessary for commercial application.



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